Iingcebiso zokuphuhlisa ii-apps ezihambelana ne-GDPR

Ukwaziswa komthetho waseYurophu kwi ubumfihlo bedatha ye-intanethi iya kuba nemiphumo ebalulekileyo kwindlela imibutho ephatha ngayo idatha yobuqu yabasebenzisi bayo ngokweewebhusayithi kunye izicelo, nokuba Android okanye iOS. Lo mthetho omtsha uphakamisa imibuzo kwimibutho ehlala iphatha idatha yobuqu yabemi baseYurophu.

Umthetho unawuphi umphumo kwizicelo zewebhu ezikwi-intanethi kunye nokusebenza?

Ngokubanzi, lo mthetho uqinisekisa ukuba umntu unolawulo kwidatha yakhe. Oku kuthetha ukuba xa umbutho ucela ulwazi lomntu kwi-intanethi, kufuneka uxelele umthengi ukuba kwenzeka ntoni kwidatha yakhe.

Imiba ephambili yalo mthetho mtsha zezi zilandelayo:

  • Ufikelelo olulula kwidatha yakho. Umsebenzisi unolwazi oluninzi malunga nendlela idatha yabo esetyenziswa ngayo. Olu lwazi kufuneka lwenziwe lufumaneke ngendlela ecacileyo.
  • Ukukwazi ukuhambisa idatha. Kufuneka kube lula ukudlulisela idatha yakho yobuqu komnye umboneleli wenkonzo.
  • Inketho yokucima idatha yakho. Ukuba awusafuni ukuba idatha yakho isetyenziswe kwaye kukho isizathu esivakalayo sayo, kufuneka ucime idatha yakho yobuqu.
  • Yazi xa idatha yakho igqekeziwe. Lo mzuzu umbutho ugqekeziwe, kufuneka uxelele abasemagunyeni abafanelekileyo kwesi siganeko ngokukhawuleza. Ngale ndlela, abasebenzisi banokuthatha imilinganiselo.

Usenza njani ke isicelo esithobelayo? GDPR kwaye inika umsebenzisi ulawulo kwidatha yakhe yobuqu? Nanga amacebiso amaninzi okuwasebenzisa.

Iingcebiso zokuphuhlisa ii-apps ezihambelana ne-GDPR

Qinisekisa ukuba i-app ifuna yonke idatha yobuqu eyicelayo

Ufezekiso olufanelekileyo lwabucala lwe thobela iGDPR kukuqokelela idatha yobuqu encinci kangangoko kunokwenzeka. Ngedatha yomntu onokucinga ngayo: igama, umhla wokuzalwa, indawo yokuhlala, njl. Oku, ngokuqinisekileyo, akunakwenzeka kuzo zonke iimeko, njengoko olu lwazi luyimfuneko ngamanye amaxesha. Kubalulekile kuyo nayiphi na imeko ukuba abaphathi kunye nabaphuhlisi banqume ukuba yeyiphi eyona nkcazelo iyimfuneko ukuqokelela.

Fihla yonke ingcaciso yobuqu

Ukuba isicelo sidinga ukugcina ulwazi lomntu olubuthathaka, kubalulekile ukufihla ngokufanelekileyo le datha usebenzisa i-encryption algorithms eyomeleleyo, kuquka i-hashing. Kwimeko yokwaphulwa kwedatha ka-Ashley Madison, lonke ulwazi lwalufumaneka kwisicatshulwa esicacileyo.

Oku kube neziphumo ezibalulekileyo kubasebenzisi bayo. Kufuneka kuchazwe ngokucacileyo ukuba yonke idatha yomntu ifihliwe, ngoko ke le datha ayinakusetyenziswa xa isicelo sewebhu sigqekeziwe. Oku kuquka ulwazi malunga: nedilesi, iinombolo zomnxeba kunye nendawo ohlala kuyo.

Cinga ngo-OAUTH ukudlulisa idatha

Nge-OAuth, abasebenzisi banokwenza iakhawunti ngokulula ngokusebenzisa iakhawunti eyahlukileyo. Ezi prothokholi zibonelela ngophawu olunye kwaye azincedi ekuqokeleleni ulwazi oluninzi kunokufuneka.

Sebenzisa unxibelelwano olukhuselekileyo kwi-HTTPS

Imibutho emininzi ayisebenzisi i-HTTPS kwiiwebhusayithi zabo kuba kukholelwa ukuba akuyimfuneko. Umzekelo, ukuba isicelo asifuni naluphi na uhlobo loqinisekiso, i-HTTPS inokungabonakali iyimfuneko. Nangona kunjalo, kulula ukuphosa into ethile. Ezinye izicelo ziqokelela iinkcukacha zobuqu ngefom ethi "Qhagamshelana nathi".

Ukuba olu lwazi luthunyelwa ngombhalo ocacileyo, luya kubonakala kwi-Intanethi. Kwakhona, kufuneka uqinisekise ukuba izatifikethi ze-SSL zisetyenziswa ngokuchanekileyo kwaye azikhuseleki kwiingozi ezinxulumene nemigaqo ye-SSL.

Yazisa abasebenzisi ukuba uyiphatha njani inkcazelo ethi "qhakamshelana nathi".

Usetyenziso aluqokeleli nje ulwazi ngoqinisekiso okanye ngemirhumo. Iinkcukacha zikwaqokelelwa kusetyenziswa iifom zoqhagamshelwano. Oku kudla ngokuba lulwazi lomntu siqu olunje: inombolo yefowuni, indawo yokuhlala kunye nedilesi ye-imeyile. Yazisa abasebenzisi ixesha elide kwaye le datha igcinwa njani. Kucetyiswa ngamandla ukusebenzisa ukhuseleko olulungileyo ukugcina olu lwazi.

Qinisekisa ukuba iiseshini kunye neekuki ziphelelwa lixesha

ukuba thobela iGDPR, abasebenzisi kufuneka bazi ukuba isicelo sizisebenzisa njani iikuki. Umsebenzisi kufuneka aziswe ukuba isicelo sisebenzisa iikuki kwaye sinikwe ukhetho lokwala iikuki. Qinisekisa ukuba iikuki zisuswe kakuhle ukuba umntu uphumile okanye akasasebenzi.

Musa ukulandela abasebenzisi kubukrelekrele beshishini

Ii-apps ezininzi ze-eCommerce zilandelela abasebenzisi ukuze babone ukuba bajonge ntoni besebenzisa iziphumo zokukhangela kunye neemveliso abazithengayo. Iinkampani ezifana neNetflix kunye neAmazon zihlala zisebenzisa olu lwazi ukubonisa iimveliso ezicetyiswayo. Ekubeni olu lwazi lugcinelwe iinjongo zorhwebo, umsebenzisi kufuneka abe nenketho yokuyamkela okanye cha.

Ukuba emva koko kunikwe imvume yokugcina olu lwazi, umsebenzisi kufuneka aziswe ukuba olu lwazi lugcinwa njani kwaye ixesha elingakanani. Ngokuqinisekileyo, zonke iinkcukacha zomntu kufuneka zifihliwe.

Yazisa umsebenzisi malunga neerekhodi

Usetyenziso oluninzi lusebenzisa iindawo okanye iidilesi ze-IP ukugunyazisa ukungena. Olu lwazi lugcinwe xa kukho umntu ozama ukugqitha olu qinisekiso. Yazisa abasebenzisi ukuba olu lwazi luya kugcinwa kwaye ixesha elingakanani. Sukugcina ulwazi olubuthathaka kwiilog, njengegama lokugqitha.

Imibuzo yezokhuseleko

Usetyenziso oluninzi lusebenzisa imibuzo yokhuseleko ukuqinisekisa ukuba umsebenzisi ungubani. Zama ukuqiniseka ukuba olu lwazi aluqulathanga idatha yobuqu, njengegama likamama womsebenzisi kwaye hayi nombala owuthandayo. Nanini na kunokwenzeka, zama ukusebenzisa uqinisekiso lwezinto ezimbini. Ukuba oko akunakwenzeka, vumela umsebenzisi abuze imibuzo yakhe kwaye alumkise ukuba iqulethe ulwazi lomntu. Ulwazi lomntu siqu kufuneka lugcinwe lufihliwe.

Yenza imimiselo nemiqathango ecacileyo

Sukuzama ukufihla imimiselo nemiqathango yakho. Ukuthobela i-GDPR phantsi komthetho omtsha we-EU wobumfihlo, imigaqo kunye neemeko kufuneka zifumaneke kwiphepha lokufika. Ukongeza, imigaqo kunye nemiqathango kufuneka icace kwaye ifikeleleke ngamaxesha onke xa umsebenzisi ekhangela isicelo.

Abasebenzisi kufuneka bavumelane nemigaqo kunye neemeko ngaphambi kokuba bafikelele kwi-app. Oku kusebenza ngakumbi xa imimiselo nemiqathango jikelele itshintshiwe. Kuyacaca ukuba imigaqo nemiqathango ifumaneka ngolwimi olunokuqondwa ngumntu wonke.

Ukwabelana ngedatha namanye amaqela

Ukuba umbutho wakho wabelana ngedatha yomntu kunye namanye amaqela, oku kufuneka kuchazwe kwimigaqo nemiqathango ngokubanzi. Oku kunokuba ngamahlakani, iiarhente zikarhulumente, okanye iiplagi zomntu wesithathu.

Seta izikhokelo ezicacileyo ukuba i-app yakho igqekeziwe

Enye yezona zinto zibalulekileyo ze umthetho waseYurophu kukuba abasebenzisi kufuneka baziswe ukuba i-app igqekeziwe. Imibutho kufuneka iseke izikhokelo ezicacileyo zokuchaza umsebenzi kunye namanyathelo aza kuwathatha umbutho. Khumbula ukuba umsebenzisi uyaziswa ngexesha elifanelekileyo.

Cima idatha yabasebenzisi abamisa inkonzo

Uninzi lwezicelo zewebhu azichazi ngokucacileyo ukuba kwenzeka ntoni kwiinkcukacha zobuqu xa i-akhawunti icinyiwe okanye umntu erhoxisa. Ngomthetho omtsha, iinkampani kufuneka zicime zonke iinkcukacha zomntu. Kufuneka kuqondwe ukuba umntu unokuyeka ukusebenzisa le nkonzo kwaye ulwazi lwakhe luya kucinywa. Imibutho ephatha iakhawunti ecinyiweyo njengengasebenziyo inokuba ngokuchasene nomthetho.

Ukuphelisa ubuthathaka

Omnye wemingcipheko enkulu yabucala ivela kuba i-app isengozini. Oku kuhlala kusemngciphekweni xa inkqubo iphatha ulwazi lomsebenzisi olubuthathaka. Isicelo esingakhange siphuhliswe ukubona imingcipheko kwangethuba sinokugqekezwa. Qinisekisa ukuba umbutho wakho unenkqubo yokukhangela imingcipheko ye-cyber kwaye wenze iimvavanyo zokhuseleko.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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